The Department of State is responsible for the export and temporary import of defense articles and services governed by 22 U.S.C. 2778 of the Arms Export Control Act (“AECA”; see the AECA Web page) and Executive Order 13637. The International Traffic in Arms Regulations (“ITAR,” 22 CFR 120-130) implements the AECA. The ITAR is available from the Government Printing Office (GPO) as an annual hardcopy or e-document publication as part of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) and as an updated e-document.
The European Institute for Export Compliance (EIFEC) has the mission to foster international security through managing and promoting the EU EXPORT COMPLIANCE FRAMEWORK (EU- ECF).
EU-ECF framework provides innovative solutions to the most critical challenges in a global marketplace becoming a very complex arena for businesses to navigate.
Major events have produced legislations and regulations at international and national level; the complexity of legal frameworks is shaping the way organizations do their business.
In a globally integrated world, efficient export compliance is only possible with co-operation at a European and international level.
The EU Governments rely on the due compliance of exporters to help ensure that all laws are abided.
The Export Control Organisation (ECO) issues licences for controlling the export of strategic goods.
Strategic goods include:
- military equipment
- dual-use goods – goods that can be used for both civil and military purposes
- products used for torture
- radioactive sources
ECO aims to help the UK’s businesses export responsibly and within the law. Our licensing process asks what is being exported, to where and for whom.
The Government of Japan controls military sensitive goods and technologies, including relevant dual-use goods and technologies, in order to maintain both national and international peace and security. Based on the Foreign Exchange and Foreign Trade Act (1949) and its relevant legislations, we request exporters in Japan to apply for the export license in case:
- Items or technologies are listed in the control list; or
- The export is under the provision of end-use control such as ‘catch-all control.’